Living in a Marxist Sci-Fi World: A Phenomenological Analysis of the Power of Science Fiction.

  • Matías Graffigna Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, GSGG


The state of our current world has brought about a very active discussion concerning possible alternatives to our current society. In this article, I wish to consider Marx’s idea of communism as a possible alternative, by understanding it as an undetermined concept that only proposes a society without classes and private property. The thesis I will defend here is that we can meaningfully think about such an alternative through the means of Science Fiction literature. In particular, I will take Ursula Le Guin’s The Dispossessed (2006) as a case study. To clarify this relation between science fiction (SF) literature and communism as a particular case of an alternative society, I will introduce some concepts of Edmund Husserl’s phenomenological theory. Thus, I shall argue that in SF we can presentify in bounded phantasy an alternative life-world, so furnishing with content the undetermined idea, and in doing so, strengthen the belief in the possibility of such an alternative society.

Author Biography

Matías Graffigna, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, GSGG

Licenciado in Philosophy at the Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Currently doing PhD studies at Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany under the supervision of Dr. Christian Beyer. Main area of research is Phenomenology, in particular empathy and language. Also very interested in social theory and Marxism, and a lover of science fiction as a form of philosophical thinking.